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MadelineThe Aim of this Program
  • Help ease the transition from medical student to intern
  • Provide a community of support from more senior staff
  • Foster closer relationships between PGY1 and PGY2 JMOs.
  • Increase efficiency of JMOs in the hospital, especially in the first term of Internship

Red Residents

This group of RMOs have volunteered to wear the Red Resident Lanyard, which identifies them as someone who is prepared to be approached for help. In reality, Most of our RMOs are friendly and more than happy to help you in any event, but sometimes the question seems so basic that you’re afraid to ask, or you need help but your own team is tied up and your hesitant to approach a random stranger.

Well ... if they are wearing the red lanyard, they are not a random stranger – they have committed to being available for you in just this circumstance. Sometimes it's not even the answer to a question that you’re after – its just an opportunity to debrief. “Is it always this hard, or is it just me?”, “does it get better”, “how long until I’ll start to feel like I know what I’m doing?”

Mentor Groups
All of you will be assigned to a mentor group. We usually have groups of between 2-4 interns matched up with a pair of RMO Mentors. This is a voluntary process, but we work on an 'opt-out' basis. You will be asked if you have any objections to participation and then assigned to a mentor group.

This year we are hoping your mentors will try to contact you around Christmas and will then plan opportunities to meet, talk and  touch base individually, and as a group throughout the term. Issues discussed with your mentor will always be treated confidentially.

  1. Regular contact between Mentors and Mentees throughout the first term of internship and beyond.
    First contact to be initiated by the mentor through email before orientation
    Mentees are free to contact the mentors individually.
  2. Mentors are to be friendly and ask how you’re going.
    Participation in a Microsoft Teams Group or other form of contact.
  3. Red Residents to be approachable and/or offer assistance on the wards, such as how to navigate the IT systems, organise investigations, or help with basic practical skills e.g. cannulation, bloods, IDC and NG (remembering that mentors are not an actual point of escalation, but rather they can offer advice on HOW to escalate if necessary).
  4. Ongoing interest in your development throughout the year.
  5. To have confidentiality respected.

Well Being

The pressure on new interns is well described:
  • The heavy burden of responsibility for patient safety
  • The ever-present possibility of making a mistake
  • The potential to take on, or be pushed into taking on, responsibility beyond the level of your training and experience
  • The long working hours
  • The shift work and disturbance of sleep and eating patterns
  • The intense competition for jobs
  • Interdisciplinary and inter-departmental rivalries
  • A culture which has tolerated bullying and harassment
  • The difficulty in maintaining a sensible work life balance with the impact this can have on relationships
And if you though that was all bad enough, for 2020 and 2021 we can throw in COVID -19

When asked why interns choose to come to Westmead, the most frequent response is that they have heard of Westmead’s reputation for hard work and have decided to challenge themselves, hoping to become a better and more experienced doctor in their first year compared to interns from other hospitals. These expectations are often met, but this can come at a cost. Few interns are not impacted by this and some are impacted significantly.

Over the past two years, there have been a number of large JMO surveys which have explored issues of JMO wellbeing and the results have not been encouraging - for Health as a whole and for Westmead in particular. For this reason, this topic has been the subject of considerable discussion and activity among Westmead's senior managers in recent times. The hospital accepts that it needs to improve and is committed to doing so.

In considering the issue of JMO wellbeing, apart from a hospital response, there are three important ways in which JMOs can contribute:
  1. Looking after yourself – being aware of your own physical and mental state and the range of available resources for help and support should you need them. A list of externally available resources has been compiled elsewhere under JMO Wellbeing.
  2. Looking out for your colleagues – checking to make sure your mates are OK and taking action if you have concerns. Being available for support, debriefing, and sharing common experiences.
  3. Getting involved – hospitals are large, bureaucratic organisations and change requires conscious effort. The more involved you can become in promoting and assisting change, the more likely it will occur. There is always a wide range of opportunities for you to become involved in improving your own working conditions. One of the most obvious is the Pre-vocational Liaison Council (PLC)

Bullying & Harrassment

Bullying is known to be a problem across the health sector. At Westmead, our senior medical manager Dr Ros Crampton has been a fierce advocate for trying to improve the culture and address this problem.

NSW Health has a generic  Policy for Prevention and Management of Bullying, and there is also a separate Policy addressing  Bullying and JMOs which makes reference to all hospitals needing to nominate a "JMO Support Officer". At Westmead, these roles a fulfilled by

Sometimes bullying is obvious but it can also be more subtle. The following basic information has been extracted from the policy document to help you understand what bullying is and how it might be expressed.

Bullying is defined by Safe Work Australia as:
“Repeated and unreasonable behaviour directed towards a worker or a group of workers that creates a risk to health and safety.”

Repeated behaviour refers to the “persistent nature of the behaviour and can involve a range of behaviours over time”. This includes repeated behaviour directed towards one individual and single incidents of behaviour involving separate individuals.
Unreasonable behaviour means “behaviour that a reasonable person, having considered the circumstances, would see as unreasonable, including behaviour that is victimising, humiliating, intimidating or threatening”.

Workplace bullying will generally meet the following criteria:
  • It is repeated and systematic (a single incident will generally not meet the threshold for bullying but should be addressed to prevent escalation or repetition)
  • It is unwelcome and unsolicited
  • A reasonable person would consider the behavior to be offensive, intimidating, humiliating or threatening.

The Safe Work Australia Guide for Preventing and Responding to Workplace Bullying provides the following examples of bullying:
  • Abusive, insulting or offensive language or comments
  • Aggressive or intimidating conduct
  • Unjustified criticism or complaints
  • Practical jokes or initiation practices involving abuse or humiliation
  • Deliberately excluding someone from workplace activities
  • Withholding information that is vital for effective work performance
  • Setting unreasonable timelines or constantly changing deadlines
  • Setting tasks that are unreasonably below or beyond a person’s skill level
  • Denying access to information, supervision, consultation or resources to the detriment of the worker
  • Spreading misinformation or malicious rumours
  • Changing work arrangements such as rosters and leave to deliberately inconvenience a particular worker or workers.
  • Bullying may also be discrimination if it targets a person on the basis of their age, gender, pregnancy, race, disability, sexual orientation, religion or certain other protected attributes.


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