Listeria bacteria can cause miscarriage, premature birth or, in rare cases, still birth. Thorough cooking of foods kills the bacteria so ensure you cook food until it is steaming hot.
Some foods carry a higher risk of listeria, to be safe you should:
Food to avoid
only keep left overs for 1 day and reheat them until steaming hot
If you buy ready-to-eat hot food such as BBQ chicken, make sure it is hot and either eat immediately or store in the fridge, and use within 1 day
ready-to-eat food from salad bars, sandwich bars, buffets and delicatessens
foods which are past their ‘use by’ or ‘best before’ date
soft cheese e.g. camembert, brie, feta, ricotta, cottage, blue cheese
raw seafood e.g. sushi and oysters
deli meats and pate
smoked salmon and precooked prawns
soft serve ice cream
Read more on listeria and making safe food choices during pregnancy .
Fish is an excellent source of protein, vitamin D, iodine and omega-3 healthy oils. You can safely eat 2-3 serves of most types of fish, however there are some to limit during pregnancy because they can contain higher levels of mercury.
You can safely consume fish like cooked salmon or barrmundi, canned tuna, salmon and sardines.
2-3 serves (150g) of any fish / seafood not listed below
- 1 serve (150g) per week of Orange Roughy (Sea Perch) or Catfish and no other fish that week
- 1 serve per (150g) fortnight of Shark (Flake) or Billfish (Swordfish / Broadbill / Marlin) and no other fish that fortnight
Read more on mercury and safe fish consumption during pregnancy.
It is safe to consume one to three coffees (depending on strength) or up to five cups of tea per day. Energy drinks can contain large amounts of caffeine, Guarana and other stimulants, and should be avoided.
Liver should be limited to 50g per week as it can contain more than the recommended intake of vitamin A.
If you are pregnant, no alcohol at all is the safest choice. There is no safe time to drink during
pregnancy as alcohol can harm your baby for life.
Many herbal preparations have a drug-like effect. These should be used with the same caution as with other drugs. Please call the NPS (National Prescribing Service) Medicines line for any information regarding alternative treatments in pregnancy, phone 1300 633 424.